La fiesta de la desigualdad. El registro arqueológico y los eventos de comensalidad política: un enfoque multiescalar

La fiesta de la desigualdad. El registro arqueológico y los eventos de comensalidad política: un enfoque multiescalar

Contenido principal del artículo

Diana Mendoza-León

Resumen

Con la llegada de la arqueología postprocesual, el estudio de las fiestas ha cobrado gran relevancia para comprender los procesos de complejización social, aportando una visión antropológica a la interpretación del pasado. Sin embargo, varios autores han recalcado el problema metodológico de la asociación directa entre un tipo de evidencia y los festejos, sin corroborar estos correlatos con otras escalas de análisis. Por lo tanto, en este artículo se argumenta la utilidad de implementar un enfoque multiescalar para rastrear los festejos en el registro arqueológico. Con este propósito en mente, primero se presentan los enfoques teóricos imperantes y una discusión sobre el concepto de festejos y comensalidad política. Luego, se expondrán las principales características de los festejos y su visibilidad en el registro arqueológico. Finalmente, se argumentará la necesidad de un abordaje multiescalar, usando como ejemplo estudios de caso en Estados Unidos y Colombia prehispánicos. 

Palabras clave:

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Detalles del artículo

Biografía del autor/a (VER)

Diana Mendoza-León, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Antropóloga, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Integrante del Colectivo GEFA (Género, Feminismo y Arqueología) 

Referencias (VER)

Adams, R. (2004). An ethnoarchaeological study of feasting in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Anthropological

Archaeology, 23, 56-78.

Aranda, G., y Esquivel, J. A. (2007). Poder y prestigio en las sociedades de la cultura de El Argar. El consumo comunal de bóvidos y ovicápidos en los rituales de enterramiento. Trabajos de Prehistoria, 64(2), 95-118.

Argüello, P. (2009). El contexto sociopolítico de las fiestas y ceremonias prehispánicas en los Andes Orientales de Colombia. En C. A. Sánchez (Ed.), Economía, prestigio y poder. Perspectivas desde la arqueología. Bogotá: Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia - ICANH.

Arthur, J. (2003). Brewing beer: status, wealth, and ceramic use alteration among the Gamo of south-western Ethiopia. World Archaeology, 34(3), 516–528.

Biers, W. R., y McGovern, P. E. (1990). Organic contents of ancient vessels: materials analysis and archaeological investigation (Vol. 7). MASCA, The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

Bleige-Bird, R., y Smith, E. (2005). Signaling theory, strategic interaction and symbolic capital. Current Anthropology, 46, 221–248.

Blitzs, J. (1993). Big Pots for Big Shots: Feasting and Storage in a Mississippian Community. American Antiquity, 58(1), 80-96.

Boada, A. M. (1999). Organización social y económica en la aldea muisca de El Venado-Valle de Samacá, Boyacá. Revista Colombiana de Antropología, 35, 118-145.

Boone, J. (1998). The evolution of magnanimity: When is it better to give than to receive?. Human Nature, 9(1), 1-21.

Boone, J., y Kessler, K. (1999). More status or more children? Social status, fertility reduction, and long-term fitness. Evolution and Human Behavior, 20, 257-277.

Bray, T. (2003). The commensal politics of early States and Empires. In T. Bray (Ed.), The archaeology and politics of food and feasting in early states and empires (pp. 1-16). New York: Kluwer Academic.

Buckser, A. (2000). Ritual. Diccionario de Antropología (pp. 450–452). México D.F.: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.

Clark, J., y Blake, M. (1994). The power of prestige: competitive generosity and the emergence of rank societies in lowland Mesoamerica. En E. Brumfiel y J. Fox (Eds.), Factional Competition and Political Development in the New World (pp. 17-30). Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.

Clarke, M. (2001). Akha feasting: an ethnoarchaeological perspective. In Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power (pp. 144-167). Washington D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Curet, A., y Pestle, W. (2010). Identifying high-status foods in the archeological record. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 29, 413-431.

Dabney, M., Halstead, P., y Thomas, P. (2004). Mycenaean feasting on Tsoungiza at ancient Nemea. Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 73, 197-215.

Dietler, M. (1990). Driven by drink: the role of drinking in the political economy and the case of Early Iron Age France. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 9, 352-406.

Dietler, M. (1996). Feasts and commensal politics in the political economy: food, power and status in prehistoric Europe. In P. Wiessner y W. Schiefenhövel (Eds.), Food and the status quest. An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 87–126). Providence - Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Dietler, M. (2001). Theorizing the Feast: Rituals of Consumption, Commensal Politics, and Power in African Contexts. In M. Dietler y B. Hayden (Eds.), Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power (pp. 65–114). Washington D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Dietler, M. (2006). Alcohol: Anthropological/ Archaeological Perspectives. Annual review of anthropology, 35, 229249.

Dietler, M., y Hayden, B. (2001a). Digesting the feast: good to eat, good to drink, good to think. In M. Dietler y B. Hayden (Eds.), Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power (pp. 1-20). Washington DC.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Dietler, M., y Hayden, B. (Eds.). (2001b). Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power. Washington DC.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Gumerman, G., y Klarich, E. (2010). Big hearths and big pots: Moche feasting on the north coast of Peru. In Inside Ancient Kitchens (pp. 111-132). Boulder: University of Colorado Press.

Halstead, P. (2007). Carcasses and commensality: investigating the social context of meat consumption in Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Greece. In C. Mee y J. Renard (Eds.), Cooking up the past (pp. 25–48). Oxford: Oxbow.

Hamilakis, Y., y Konsolaki, E. (2004). Pigs for the Gods: burnt animal sacrifices as embodied rituals at a Mycenaean sanctuary. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 23(2), 135-151.

Hastorf, C. (2003). Andean luxury foods. Antiquity, 77, 545–554.

Hayden, B. (1990). Nimrods, piscators, pluckers, and planters: the emergence of food production. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 9, 31–69.

Hayden, B. (2001). Fabulous feast: a prolegomenon to the importance of feasting. En M. Dietler y B. Hayden (Eds.), Feasts: Archaeological and Ethnographic Perspectives on Food, Politics, and Power (pp. 23-64). Washington DC.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Hayden, B., y Villeneuve, S. (2010). Who benefits from complexity? A view from Futuna. En G. Feinman (Ed.), Pathways to Power (pp. 95-146). Walnut Creek, California: Left Coast Press.

Hayden, B., y Villeneuve, S. (2011). A century of feasting studies. Annual review of anthropology, 40, 433-449.

Henderson, H., y Ostler, N. (2005). Muisca settlement organization and chiefly authority at Suta, Valle de Leyva, Colombia: A critical appraisal of native concepts of house for studies of complex societies. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 24(2), 148-178.

Hodder, I., y Hutson, S. (2003). Reading the past: current approaches to interpretation in archaeology. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, M. (2000). Teoría arqueológica. Una introducción. Barcelona: Editorial Ariel.

Junker, L. L. (2001). The evolution of ritual feasting systems in prehispanic Philippine chiefdoms.

En M. Dietler y B. Hayden (Eds.), Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power. Washington DC.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Kim, S.-O. (1994). Burials, Pigs, and Political Prestige in Neolithic China. Current Anthropology, 35(2), 119-141.

Kruschek, M. (2003). The Evolution of the Bogotá Chiefdom: A Household View. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.

Langebaek, C. (1995). Arqueología regional en el territorio muisca: estudio de los Valles de Fúquene y Susa = Regional archaeology in the muisca territory: a study of the Fuquene and Susa Valleys. Pittsburgh, Santafé de Bogotá: University of Pittsburg; Universidad de los Andes, Depto.

de Antropología.

Langebaek, C. (2001). Arqueología en el Valle de Leiva: Procesos de Ocupación Humana en una Región de los Andes Orientales de Colombia. Bogotá: ICANH.

Lindauer, O., y Blitzs, J. (1997). Higher Ground: The archaeology of North American Platform Mounds. Journal of Archaeological Research, 5(2), 169-207.

Mills, B. (2007). Performing the feast: visual display and suprahousehold commensalism in the Puebloan South-west. American Antiquity, 72, 210-239.

Morris, C. (1979). Maize beer in the economics, politics, and religion of the Inca Empire. In C. Gastineu, W. Darby, y N. Turner (Eds.), Fermented Food Beverages in Nutrition (pp. 21-35). New York: Academic.

Norman, N. (2010). Feasts in Motion: Archaeological Views of Parades, Ancestral Pageants, and Socio-Political Process in the Hueda Kingdom, 1650–1727 AD. Journal of World Prehistory, 23, 239-254.

Potter, J. (2000). Pots, parties, and politics: communal feasting in the American Southwest. American Antiquity, 65(3), 471-492.

Pullen, D. (2016). There’s No Such Thing as a Free Lunch: Reciprocity in Mycenaean Political Economies. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 1, 78-88.

Rosemary, J., y Henderson, J. (2007). From feasting to cuisine: implications of archaeological research in an early Honduran Village. American Anthropologist, 109(4), 642-653.

Rosenswing, R. (2007). Beyond identifying elites: feasting as a means to understand early Middle Formative society on the Pacific coast of Mexico. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 26, 1-27.

Salge, M. (2007). Festejos Muiscas en El Infiernito, Valle de Leyva. La consolidación del poder social. Uniandes - CESO - Departamento de Antropología.

Sánchez, M. (2008). El consumo de alimento como estrategia social: recetas para la construcción de la memoria y creación de identidades. Cuadernos de Prehistoria Arqueológica. Universidad de Granada, 18, 17-39.

Schmandt-Besserat, D. (2001). Feasting in the ancient Near East. En Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics, and power (pp. 391-403). Washington DC.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Seeman, M. (1979). Feasting with the dead: Ohio Hopewell charnel house ritual as a context for redistribution. En D. Brose y N. Greber (Eds.), Hopewell Archaeology. The Chillicothe Conference (pp. 39-46). Kent: Kent State University Press.

Shryock, A. (1987). The Wright Mound reexamined. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 12(2), 243–268.

Spielmann, K. (2002). Feasting, Craft Specialization, and the Ritual Mode of Production in Small-Scale Societies. American Anthropologist, 104(1), 195-207.

Twiss, K. (2008). Transformations in an early agricultural society: Feasting in the southern Levantine Pre-Pottery Neolithic. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 27, 418-442.

van der Veen, M. (2003). When is food a luxury? World Archaeology, 34(3), 405–427.

Van Derwarker, A. (1999). Feasting and status at the Toqua site. Southeastern Archaeology, 18(1),

–24.

Whitley, D. (2008). Cognition, emotion, and belief: first steps in an archaeology of religion. En K. Hays-Gilpin y D. Whitley (Eds.), Belief in the Past (pp. 85-104). Walnut Creek, California: Left Coast Press.

Wilk, R., y Rathje, W. (1982). Household archaeology. American Behavioral Scientist, 25(6).

Wright, J. (2004). The Mycenaean feasts. An introduction. Hesperia, 73, 121–132.

Contadores